The directions of the StrAU’s research activities correspond to the List of RF Critical Technologies and Priority Directions of RF Scientific, Technological and Technical Development; they are connected with solving problems of the National Technology Initiative. Formation of a complete research and learning cycle in the field of critical technologies for obtaining materials is carried out by the organic research and educational system of five interrelated scientific areas.
Forecasting of Properties
of New Materials and Technologies
A1 is connected with preparing scientific and educational personnel who model and forecast the properties of materials and modes of technologies in correlation with experimental data. Scientific work will be directed toward developing current approaches to computer forecasting of the properties of new nano- and mesostructural materials and theoretical calculations of technological stages of obtaining volume and surface materials; and to developing methods for computer modeling of the growth processes of and technology for obtaining nanostructures and for evaluation of electronic and optical states of the quantum size structures on the surface and in the volume of semiconductors depending on shape, size, and chemical composition.
Together with partners, there will be development of the fundamental basis of creating new materials for nanoelectronic and spintronic devices; new methods of construction, research, and quantization of nonlinear physical models, including construction of joint and stable interactions in quantum field theory; multi-scale computer modeling of the processes of growth of semiconductor nanostructures; physical models of characteristics created by nanostructures within the parameters of grown quantum wells or dots; and obtaining selective photodetectors with controlled properties by means of epitaxial techniques. Technologies of organic molecular and semiconductor electronics and synthesis of new efficient light emitting and photosensitive organic materials will be developed; and technologies of plasma immersion ion implantation and deposition to modify the surface of products with complex branched form. For the development of NTI and the companies SPA Vostok, JSC ISS, JSC NIIPP, SPC Polus, JSC Gazprom Space Systems, and Ural Optical and Mechanical Plant, the main industrial stages of technology for creating full-color organic displays by means of inkjet printing and technologies for creating photoexcited lasers will be developed.
The planned volume of funds to be raised by 2020 is 200-300 million rubles. More than 120 articles in highly-ranked journals and 10-15 RF patents per year will be produced. Within SEC-1 and the unified science and learning system of TSU, preparation of specialists according to the modernized MEPs will be conducted, among them MEP Equipment and Devices in Nanophotonics (direction Photonics and Optical Informatics), MEP Physics and Astronomy (PhD programme) (directions Physics of Semiconductors, Laser Physics, Condensed Matter Physics, Theoretical Physics), of the planned interdisciplinary programme Materials and Devices of Functional Electronics (direction Radiophysics).
and Chemical Technologies
A2 is connected with the topical direction of developing import-substituting substances, materials, and technological processes in breakthrough directions, which ensure effective economic development and national security of the country. SEC-2 is aimed at adapting mathematical forecasting of properties of new materials, including powdered, organic-inorganic, and composite materials, and the choice of modes of obtaining materials, including the additive 3D-printing technologies. Creation of new materials will be coupled with metrological support by creating highly effective methods.
Taking into account national technological challenges and together with key partners BIC SB RAS, IGIC RAS, ISC RAS, IMET RAS, VIAM, SIBUR, NIIPP, JSC Stroyalyans, JSC Dalkhimfarm, and others, the following will be developed: chemical technologies for obtaining new powdered materials with a stable composition and dispersion state for 3D-printing; new catalysts, sorption materials, membranes, modifiers, and additives (basic organic synthesis, oil and gas industry, “green” chemistry, environmental chemistry, and environmental safety) using additive technologies; composite materials and coverings for various purposes (aerospace, machine building, construction industry, medicine, solar energy, etc.); new hybrid organic-inorganic nanomaterials; original nitrogen-, sulfur-, and selenium-containing heterocyclic and organofluorine substances and materials; functional molecular materials with magnetically active, bioactive and other unique properties; and new polymeric materials with a modified structural-phase state.
The planned volume of funds to be raised by 2020 is 400-500 million rubles. More than 100 articles in top-ranked journals and 10 RF patents per year will be achieved.
Preparation of specialists and research will be carried out within the MEP Fundamental and Applied Chemistry of Substances and Materials (Master’s programme), including in the English language; MEP 04.03.02 – Chemistry, Physics and Materials Engineering (Master’s programme) and PhD programme in the direction Chemistry.
Inorganic Based Composite Materials
with Multi-level Hierarchical Structure
A3 uses a multi-disciplinary, multi-level approach to the development of internationally competitive ceramic and polymeric materials and composites based on them with hierarchically organized structure and disperse systems, including those for medical purposes. A current problem is to develop polymer-based composites that possess biocompatible characteristics and are able to maintain their properties for a long time at low/high temperatures, under the influence of abrasive wear and aggressive and corrosive environments, and provide uniformity of structure of composite materials obtained with 3D-printing technology.
Together with ISPMS SB RAS, IPCP RAS, NSTU, D. Mendeleyev UCTR, SSMU, Georg Simon Ohm Hochschule Nürnberg (Germany), Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics (Italy), University of Miskolc (Hungary), Universität Duisburg-Essen (Germany), and University of Crete (Greece), new technologies for obtaining composite biomaterials will be developed. The enterprises participating in specialized technology platforms act as partner organizations.
Non-budgetary funds raised on a competition basis by 2020 will be more than 550 million rubles, with up to 50% from the enterprises. More than 75-80 articles in the citation databases Web of Science and Scopus and 15-20 RF patents for inventions with the possibility to commercialize them will be produced.
Preparation of specialists and research will be carried out within new the MEP Physical Fundamentals of Science-Intensive Technologies for Obtaining and Processing of Materials (Master’s programme), MEP 04.03.02 – Chemistry, Physics and Engineering of Materials (Master’s programme) and PhD programme in the direction Chemistry.
Design of High-Energy and Special Materials
A4 (Design of High-Energy and Special Materials and Systems) is connected with creating new technologies for obtaining high-energy and special materials and design for high-energy installations and aerospace systems and transport equipment of the new generation. When developing new high-energy materials and systems, contemporary methods of physical and mathematical modeling will be used. Prospective high-energy and special (with enhanced performance characteristics) materials will be developed, along with production technologies to be used in high-energy power plants, transport and space systems, and other civil applications and dual technologies.
Partners: FSUE RSC AC, ICP RAS, IPSET SB RAS, IPCP RAS, JSC Corporation MITT, JSC FSPC Altai, FCDT Soyuz, JSC SPA Pribor, ESA, Brunel University, Manchester University, Fraunhofer ICT, AVIO Group, New Jersey Institute of Technology.
Planned volumes and figures: Non-budgetary funds raised on a competition basis by 2020 will be more than 550 million rubles, with up to 50% from the enterprises. More than 75-80 articles in the citation databases Web of Science and Scopus and 15-20 RF patents for inventions with the possibility to commercialize them will be achieved.
Education: The network Master's programme Theoretical and Experimental Basis of Development of Design Technologies of New High-Energy Materials and Devices has been modernized together with the partners. Master’s degree students will be prepared for the design works at a current level using the methods of mathematical modeling combined with experimental development of new materials and technologies, and they will be in demand on the labor market by the enterprises of mechanical engineering, chemical engineering and aerospace industries.
Additive Technologies for New materials
A5 is connected with development of additive technologies for obtaining new materials and systems based on them. Research and development of new functional and structural materials and systems will be performed on the basis of physical and mathematical modeling at the confluence of physics, chemistry, engineering, and computational mechanics. Prospective effective composite materials that have an magneto-electric effect ten times larger than the homogeneous materials and multi-layered absorbing covers will be developed; shielding covers on the basis of 3D-technology have been created; a wide-range equation of the state of metals, alloys, and refractory compounds for modeling the processes of structural and phase transformations in multi-component systems at high-energy impacts realized in additive technologies has been developed; adequate physical and mathematical and computational models of multi-level modeling of systems and elements of constructions produced according to additive technologies for predicting their physical and mechanical properties and durability have been developed; physical and mathematical and computational models of structural and phase transformations in multi-component systems at high- energy impacts have been developed; multi-level computational models for forecasting thermodynamic and mechanical properties, including structural relations between different phases, taking into account lattice dynamics and size effects in nano-scale industrial materials, alloys based on steel, transition metals, and nanostructured materials used in protective covers and the electronic industry have been developed.
Partners: ISPMS SB RAS, Department of Structural Macrokinetics SB RAS, IPCP RAS, JIHT RAS, IM UB RAS, RFNC-VNIIEF, RFNC-VNIITF, JSC FSPC Altai, Technische Universität Berlin, Leibniz Universität Hannover (Germany), Linköping University (Sweden), Arizona State University (USA), Texas A&M University (USA).
The planned volume of funds to be raised by 2020 is 50-70 million rubles, with up to 50% from the enterprises. More than 70-80 articles will be in indexed Web of Science and Scopus journals. The results of intellectual activity will be 5-10 certificates of state registration of computer programmes and RF patents.
Education: SEC-5 will help increase the attractiveness at the international and Russian level of the following directions of Master’s programmes: 15.04.03 – Computational Mechanics and Computer Engineering, 15.03.03 – Applied Mechanics, 03.04.03 – Radiophysics of Heterogeneous Environments and Structures (direction Radiophysics); PhD programmes for the enlarged group 01.06.01 – Mathematics and Mechanics (direction Deformable Solid Body Mechanics).